We’ve all heard the old saying “you are what you eat.” And it’s still true. If you stick to a healthy diet full of vitamins and minerals, your body reflects it. You feel healthy, energized, and just all-around great. However, people who limit their diet to junk foods will undoubtedly suffer the consequences of not giving their bodies what they need to thrive. The result is not only fatigue and low energy, but poor health as well. Understanding this clear connection between your health and your diet may spur you to make better dietary choices.
poor diet is a factor in one in five deaths around the world, according to the most comprehensive study ever carried out on the subject.
Millions of people are eating the wrong sorts of food for good health. Eating a diet that is low in whole grains, fruit, nuts and seeds and fish oils and high in salt raises the risk of an early death, according to the huge and ongoing study Global Burden of Disease.
Life expectancy in 2016 worldwide was 75.3 years for women and 69.8 for men. Japan has the highest life expectancy at 84 years and the Central African Republic has the lowest at just over 50. In the UK, life expectancy for a man born in 2016 is 79, and for a woman 82.9.
Diet is the second highest risk factor for early death after smoking. Other high risks are high blood glucose which can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure, high body mass index (BMI) which is a measure of obesity, and high total cholesterol. All of these can be related to eating the wrong foods, although there are also other causes.
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Unhealthy diets and physical inactivity are major risk factors for chronic diseases (one of the leading cause of death in Nigeria today is hypertension ). Reports of international and national experts and reviews of the current scientific evidence recommend goals for nutrient intake in order to prevent chronic diseases. For diet, recommendations for populations and individuals should include the following:
- achieve energy balance and a healthy weight
- limit energy intake from total fats and shift fat consumption away. from saturated fats to unsaturate. fats and towards the elimination. of trans-fatty acids
- increase consumption of fruits and vegetables, and legumes, whole grains and nuts
- limit the intake of free sugars
limit salt (sodium) consumption from all sources and ensure that salt is iodized
These recommendations need to be considered when preparing national policies and dietary guidelines, taking into account the local situation.
Improving dietary habits is a societal, not just an individual problem. Therefore it demands a population-based, multisectoral, multi-disciplinary, and culturally relevant approach.
Today, 72% of deaths are from non-communicable diseases for which obesity and diet are among the risk factors, with ischaemic heart disease as the leading cause worldwide of early deaths, including in the UK. Lung cancer, stroke, lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder) and Alzheimer’s are the other main causes in the UK.
The success story is children under five. In 2016, for the first time in modern history, fewer than 5 million children under five died in one year – a significant fall compared with 1990, when 11 million died. Increased education for women, less poverty, having fewer children, vaccinations, anti-malaria bed-nets, improved water and sanitation are among the changes in low-income countries that have brought the death rate down, thanks to development aid.
People are living longer but spending more years in ill health. Obesity is one of the major reasons. More than a billion people worldwide are living with mental health and substance misuse disorders. Depression features in the top 10 causes of ill health in all but four countries.
11 October 2016 – A new report from WHO finds that an increase of at least 20% in the retail price of sugary drinks will result in proportional reductions in consumption of sugary drinks. Furthermore, the report also finds that subsidies used to reduce retail prices of fresh fruits and vegetables by 10–30% can increase the consumption of fruit and vegetables.
11 October 2017– The number of obese children and adolescents (aged five to 19 years) worldwide has risen tenfold in the past four decades. If current trends continue, more children and adolescents will be obese than moderately or severely underweight by 2022, according to a new study led by Imperial College London and WHO. Children and adolescents have rapidly transitioned from mostly underweight to mostly overweight in many middle-income countries, including in East Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean
Am sure in 2017,A lot of people are guilty of the 2017 picture. This is 2018 now, so please try to maintain a healthy diet.
Throw out that bad diet of 2017. Turn your back on the burgers and fries, the cakes and sodas and embrace a healthy diet. Your body will thank you, your mind will thank you, and you’ll be living life to the fullest .
In 2018, drink more water. You can feel refreshed and ready for anything when you drink plenty of water. Give yourself the boost that you deserve in the new year by aiming to drink around 8 glasses a day. Remember though – everyone is different and you might need more if you’ve got a higher level of activity.
Let your fitness and let the real you shine through. Get fighting fit through a mix of a healthy diet, regular exercise , supplements and plenty of rest.